Advertisement

Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 23–26 | Cite as

Similarity judgments of patterns and maps

  • Diane F. Halpern
  • Harold D. Fishbein
  • Joel S. Warm
Article

Abstract

An algorithmic technique is described for generating from a common prototype three populations of forms (dots, open forms, and polygons) having different configurational properties. Within each population, subjects rated the similarity between standard stimuli and 20 transformations of these stimuli. The stimuli were represented to the subjects as abstract patterns or as maps. High rank-order correlations were obtained between the ratings given to the various transformations in each form population and in the pattern and map conditions. These correlations led to two conclusions: (1) there was ecological validity in the stimulus factors that influenced similarity judgments in the three form populations, and (2) subjects used analogous processes when making similarity judgments in tasks focusing upon pattern perception and spatial reference systems.

Keywords

Open Form Comparison Stimulus Similarity Judgment Pattern Perception Abstract Pattern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Brunswik, E. Perception and the representative design of psychological experiments. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1956.Google Scholar
  2. Dember, W. N., & Warm, J. S. Psychology of perception (2nd ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart, & Winston, 1979.Google Scholar
  3. Howard, I. P., & Templeton, W. B. Human spatial orientation. New York: Wiley, 1966.Google Scholar
  4. Navon, D. Forest before trees: The precedence of global features in visual perception. Cognitive Psychology, 1977, 9, 353–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Nigl, A. J., & Fishbein, H. D. Perception and conception in coordination of perspectives. Developmental Psychology, 1974, 10, 858–866.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Pufall, P. B., & Shaw, R. E. Analysis of the development of children’s spatial reference systems. Cognitive Psychology, 1973, 5, 151–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Tversky, A. Features of similarity. Psychological Review, 1977, 84, 327–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Zusne, L. Visual perception of form. New York: Academic Press, 1970.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Psychonomic Society, Inc. 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diane F. Halpern
    • 1
  • Harold D. Fishbein
    • 1
  • Joel S. Warm
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnati

Personalised recommendations