Skip to main content

The relationship between androgen levels and human spatial abilities

Abstract

Individual differences on spatial tasks were examined relative to differences in free-androgen levels. A spatial test battery was administered to 91 males and females who differed in free-androgen levels as determined by a radioimmunoassay. Polynomial regression analyses yielded significant curvilinear functions relating spatial scores and androgen levels. A second study, conducted with a group of 33 males and females, replicated the basic findings of the first experiment.

References

  1. Alexander, D., & Money, J. Turner’s syndrome and Gerstmann’ s syndrome: Neurophysiologic comparisons. Neurophysiologia 1966, 4, 265–273.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Anderson, J. R. Cognitive Psychology. New York: Academic Press, 1975.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Broverman, D. M., Klaiber, E. L., Kobayashi, Y., & Vogel, W. Roles of activation and inhibition in sex differences in cognitive abilities. Psychological Review, 1968, 75, 23–50.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Dawson, J. L. M. Effects of sex hormones on cognitive style in rats and men. Behavior Genetics, 1972, 2, 21–42.

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. French, J. W., Ekstrom, R. B., & Price, L. A. Manual for Kit of Reference Tests for Cognitive Factors. Princeton, N.J: Educational Testing Service, 1969.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Gandy, H. M., & Peterson, R. E. Measurement of testosterone and 17-ketosteroids in plasma by the double isotope dilution derivative technique. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 1968, 28, 949–977.

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Hakstian, a. R., & Cattell, R. B. Comprehensive ability battery. Champaign, I l l: Institute for Personality and Ability Testing, 1976.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Hier, D. B., & Crowley, W., Jr. Spatial ability in androgen- deficient men. New England Journal of Medicine, 1982, 306, 1202–1205.

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Likert, R., & Quasha, W. H. Revised Minnesota Paper Form Board Test. New York: Psychological Corporation, 1970.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Maccoby, E. E., & Jacklin, C. N. The psychology of sex differences. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 1974.

    Google Scholar 

  11. McGee, M. G. Human spatial abilities: Sources of sex differences. New York: Praeger, 1979.

    Google Scholar 

  12. McGlone, J. Sex differences in human brain asymmetry: A critical survey. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1980, 3, 215–263.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Petersen, A. C. Physical androgyny and cognitive functioning in adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 1976, 12, 524–533.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Thurstone, T. G. Primary mental abilities. Chicago: Science Research Associates, 1965.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Wittig, M. A., & Petersen, A. C. (Eds.). Sex-related differences in cognitive functioning. New York: Academic Press, 1979.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Valerie J. Shute.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Shute, V.J., Pellegrino, J.W., Hubert, L. et al. The relationship between androgen levels and human spatial abilities. Bull. Psychon. Soc. 21, 465–468 (1983). https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03330010

Download citation

Keywords

  • Testosterone
  • Androgen
  • Spatial Ability
  • Androgen Level
  • Spatial Task