Daneman and Carpenter (1980, Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 19, 450–466) developed a measure of working memory capacity, the reading span test, which they related in several experiments to individual differences in reading comprehension skill. Because previous attempts to establish a relation between working memory and comprehension had failed, Daneman and Carpenter’s work has received a great deal of attention. The purpose of the present study was to provide a replication using independently constructed materials for both the reading span test and the comprehension tasks. The results essentially replicated those of Daneman and Carpenter, but there were some important qualifications.
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Daneman, M., & Carpenter, P. A. (1980). Individual differences in working memory and reading. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 19, 450–466.
Daneman, M., & Carpenter, P. A. (1983). Individual differences in integrating information between and within sentences. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 9, 561–584.
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Baker, L. Working memory and comprehension: A replication. Bull. Psychon. Soc. 23, 28–30 (1985). https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03329770
- Reading Comprehension
- Work Memory Capacity
- Comprehension Task
- Reading Span
- Fact Question