College students were trained to discriminate between sets of either related (R) or unrelated (U) words and were then given a recall test, followed by a recognition test. Results indicated that when equated for the amount of practice, R words were recalled more easily than they were recognized, but recognition was superior to recall for U words. The results are interpreted within a framework that distinguishes between different attributes of words and between storage and retrieval of memory traces.
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This research was supported by National Science Foundation Grant GB-19323.
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Kendler, H.H., Ward, J.W. Recognition and recall of related and unrelated words. Psychon Sci 28, 193–195 (1972). https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03328706
- Memory Trace
- Recall Test
- Discrimination Training
- Delay Period
- Category Label