Recognition and recall of related and unrelated words
- 1.8k Downloads
College students were trained to discriminate between sets of either related (R) or unrelated (U) words and were then given a recall test, followed by a recognition test. Results indicated that when equated for the amount of practice, R words were recalled more easily than they were recognized, but recognition was superior to recall for U words. The results are interpreted within a framework that distinguishes between different attributes of words and between storage and retrieval of memory traces.
KeywordsMemory Trace Recall Test Discrimination Training Delay Period Category Label
- KINTSCH, W. Models for free recall and recognition. In D. A. Norman (Ed.), Models of human memory. New York: Academic Press, 1970.Google Scholar
- THORNDIKE, E. L., & LORGE, I. The teacher’s word book of 30,000 words. New York: Bureau of Publications, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1944Google Scholar
- TULVING, E. Theoretical issues in free recall. In T. R. Dixon and D. L. Horton (Eds.) Verbal behavior and general behavior theory. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice-Hall, 1968.Google Scholar