Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 504–509 | Cite as

Effects of contextual constraint on eye movements in reading: A further examination

  • Keith RaynerEmail author
  • Arnold D. Well
Brief Reports


The effect of contextual constraint on eye movements in reading was examined by asking subjects to read sentences that contained a target word that varied in contextual constraint; high-, medium-, or low-constraint target words were used. Subjects fixated low-constraint target words longer than they did either high- or medium-constraint target words. In addition, they skipped high-constraint words more than they did either medium- or low-constraint target words. The results further confirm that contextual constraint has a strong influence on eye movements during reading.


Target Word Lexical Decision Word Frequency Word Length Target Sentence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MassachusettsAmherst

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