Memory & Cognition

, Volume 28, Issue 7, pp 1140–1151 | Cite as

Transfer-appropriate processing (TAP)

  • Jeffery J. FranksEmail author
  • Carol W. Bilbrey
  • Khoo Guat Lien
  • Timothy P. McNamara


Transfer-appropriate processing (TAP), as applied to implicit memory, has tended to emphasize general forms of processing (e.g.,perceptual or conceptual processing). In the present studies, the TAP principle was employed in a more specific manner in order to more precisely assess the relations between the processing engaged during first exposure and that engaged during second exposure to items. Thirteen experiments used a two-phase, cross-task design in which participants engaged in different combinations of seven specific intentional tasks between Phase 1 and Phase 2. Maximum repetition priming was found when tasks were the same in Phases 1 and 2. When Phase 1 and Phase 2 tasks differed, there were lesser, or no, repetition priming effects, depending on the particular combination of tasks. The results demonstrate the importance of the specific intentional processes engaged during repetition priming and the potential heuristic value of TAP, as a principle and methodology, for exploring the organization of memory and related process models.


Lexical Decision Lexical Decision Task Implicit Memory Judgment Task Repetition Priming 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffery J. Franks
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carol W. Bilbrey
    • 1
  • Khoo Guat Lien
    • 1
  • Timothy P. McNamara
    • 1
  1. 1.Vanderbilt UniversityNashville

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