Recognition memory for item information (single words) and associative information (word pairs) was tested immediately and after retention intervals of 30 min and 1 day (Experiment 1) and 2 days and 7 days (Experiment 2) using Tulving’s (1985) remember/know response procedure. Associative recognition decisions were accompanied by more “remember” responses and less “know” responses than item recognition decisions. Overall recognition performance and the proportion of remember responses declined at similar rates for item and associative information. The pattern of results for item recognition was consistent with Donaldson’s (1996) single-factor signal detection model of remember/ know responses, as comparisons based onA′ between overall item recognition and remember item recognition showed no significant differences. For associative recognition, however,A′ for remember responses was reliably greater than for overall recognition. The results show that recollection plays a significant role in associative recognition.
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These experiments were carried out as part of A.C.’s master’s thesis and were supported by an operating grant from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada to the first author.
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Hockley, W.E., Consoli, A. Familiarity and recollection in item and associative recognition. Memory & Cognition 27, 657–664 (1999). https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03211559
- Recognition Memory
- Retention Interval
- Journal ofExperimental Psychology
- Word Pair
- Mirror Effect