A previous finding (Bindra, Williams, & Wise, 1965) that Ss respond “different” more quickly than “same” when comparing the pitch of two tones was confirmed. It was found that this effect could be enhanced by making same trials less frequent and that the effect could be reversed by making same trials more frequent. The experimental treatment also affected the error rates of the two responses. Error and latency results are discussed in terms of a model of R T based upon a sequential-sampling and decision procedure, and are shown to be compatible with such a model. A decision bias towards the response “different” must be taken into account when the model is applied. This bias appears to be influenced by the size of the interstimulus interval used.
AIKEN, E. G., & LAU, A. W. Memory for the pitch of a tone.Percept. & Psychophys., 1966, 1, 231–233.
BINDRA, D., WILIAMS, J. A., & WISE, J. S. Judgments of sameness and difference: experiments on decision time.Science, 1965, 150, 1625–1627.
EGETH, H. Parallel versus serial processes in multidimensional stimulus discrimination.Percept. & Psychophys., 1966, 1, 245–252.
FITTS, P. M., PETERSON, J. R., & WOLPE, G. Cognitive aspects of information-processing: II. Adjustments to stimulus redundancy.J. exp. Psychol., 1963, 65, 507–514.
GUILFORD, J. P.Psychometric methods. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1954.
HARRIS, J. D. The decline of pitch discrimination with time.J. exp. Psychol., 1952, 43, 96–99.
KONIG, E. The effect of time on pitch discrimination thresholds under several psychophysical procedures.J. Acoust, Soc. Amer., 1957, 29, 606–612.
POSNER, M. I., & KEELE, S. W. Decay of visual information from a single letter.Science, 1967, 158, 137–139.
RABBIT, P. M. A. Error correction times without external error signals.Nature, 1966, 212, 438.
ROSENBILTH, W. A., & STEVENS, K. N. On the DL for frequency.J. Acoust. Soc. Amer., 1953, 25, 980–985.
STERNBERG, S. High-speed scanning in human memory.Science, 1966, 153, 652–654.
STONE, M. Models for choice-reaction time.Psychometrika, 1960, 25, 251–260.
SWETS, J. A., & BIRDSALL, T. G. Deferred decision in human signal detection: a preliminary experiment.Percept. & Psychophys., 1967, 2, 15–28.
WALD, A.Sequential analysis. New York: Wiley, 1947.
WICKELGREN, W. A. Consolidation and retroactive interference in short-term recognition memory for pitch.J. exp. Psychol., 1966, 72, 250–259.
About this article
Cite this article
Coltheart, M., Curthoys, I. Short-term recognition memory for pitch: Effect of a priori probability on response times and error rates. Perception & Psychophysics 4, 85–89 (1968). https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03209514
- Incorrect Response
- Interstimulus Interval
- Test Tone
- Sound Level Meter
- Decision Bias