Behavior Research Methods & Instrumentation

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 132–138 | Cite as

Computer understanding of natural language

  • Roger C. Schank
Session II Invited Addresses


The state of research in automatic natural language processing at Yale University is described. Five programs are discussed: SAM, FRUMP, PAM, TALESPIN, and POLITICS.


Input Text Meaning Representation Liquor Store Conceptual Dependency Newspaper Story 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Reference notes

  1. Minsky, M.A framework for representing knowledge (A. I. Memo 306). Cambridge, Mass: MIT, A. I. Laboratory, 1974.Google Scholar
  2. DeJong, G. F.Skimming newspaper stories by computer (Research Report 104). New Haven, Conn: Yale University, 1977.Google Scholar


  1. Abelson, R. P. Heunstic processes in the human application of verbal structures in new situations.XVIII International Congress on Psychology, Symposium 25, 1966.Google Scholar
  2. Carbonell, J. G. Automated ideological reasoningCognitive Science, in press.Google Scholar
  3. Cullingford, R. E.Organizing world knowledge for story understanding by computer. Unpublished doctoral disserta-tion, Yale University, 1977.Google Scholar
  4. Lehnert, W. G.Process of question answering. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Yale University, 1977.Google Scholar
  5. Meehan, J. R.The metanoveL Writing stories by computer. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Yale University, 1976.Google Scholar
  6. Riesbeck, C. K. Conceptual analysis. In R. C. Schank (Ed.),Conceptual information processing. Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Company, 1975.Google Scholar
  7. Schank, R. C.Conceptual information processing. Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Company, 1975.Google Scholar
  8. Schank, R. C., &Abelson, R. P.Scripts, plans, goals and understanding. Hillsdale: N.J: 1977.Google Scholar
  9. Wilensky, R. Using plans to understand natural language.Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the ACM. Houston, Tex: 1976.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger C. Schank
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceYale UniversityNew Haven

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