An overview of scientific visualization techniques applied to experimental psychology

Abstract

This paper presents an overview of current data visualization techniques. The various types of graphics, such as contour plots, surface plots, scatterplot matrices, and dynamic spinning, are described. Then, using a data set typical of the field, the potential merits and pitfalls of each visualization technique are presented in terms of what aspects of the data they make explicit. The results illustrate the benefits that a psychological researcher can expect from data visualization capabilities.

References

  1. Becker, R. A., &Cleveland, W. S. (1990. Viewing multivariate scattered data.Pixel,2, 36–41.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Butler, D. L. (1993). Graphics in psychology: Pictures, data, and especially concepts.Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers,25, 81–92.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Castellan, N. J., Jr. (1991). Computers and computing in psychology: Twenty years of progress and still a bright future.Behavior Research Methods, instruments, & Computers,23, 106–108.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Cleveland, W. S. (1993). A model for studying display methods of statistical graphics.Journal of Computational & Statistical Graphics,2, 323–344.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Loftus, G. R. (1993). A picture is worth a thousandp values: On the irrelevance of hypothesis testing in the microcomputer age.Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers,25, 250–256.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Marchak, F. M., &Marchak, L. C. (1991). Interactive versus passive dynamics and the exploratory analysis of multivariate data.Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers,23, 296–300.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Marchak, F. M., &Whitney, D. A. (1990). Dynamic graphics in the exploratory analysis of multivariate data.Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers,22, 176–178.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Marchak, F. M. &Zulager, D. D. (1992). The effectiveness of dynamic graphics in revealing structure in multivariate data.Behavior Research Methods. Instruments, & Computers,24, 253–257.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Rothkopf, E. Z. (1957). A measure of stimulus similarity and errors in some paired-associate learning tasks.Journal of Experimental Psychology,53, 94–101.

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Frank M. Marchak.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Marchak, F.M. An overview of scientific visualization techniques applied to experimental psychology. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers 26, 177–180 (1994). https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03204613

Download citation

Keywords

  • Contour Plot
  • Behavior Research Method
  • Surface Plot
  • Visualization Technique
  • Raster Image