A guide to multiple-sample structural equation modeling
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The application of structural equation modeling to the investigation of social phenomena has increased in recent years. Whereas description and application of the LISREL methodology to the single-sample situation abound, such is not the case for the multiple-sample situation (i.e., simultaneous analysis of independent samples). The multiple-sample case has many possible applications in psychology (e.g., the analysis of experimental, nonezperimental, cross-sectional, and longitudinal data). The guide features descriptions of (1) the simple multiple-sample case, in which equality constraints may be imposed on the covariance structure of the measurement and/or structural equation models across samples, (2) the structured-means multiple-sample case, in which constraints may be additionally imposed on the mean structure of these models across samples, and thereby allow an assessment of group differences, and (3) a sequential strategy for dealing with the multiple-group situation, illustrated through a model of public and private schooling.
KeywordsStructural Equation Model Equality Constraint Educational Aspiration Occupational Aspiration National Opinion Research
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