Beyond internal consistency reliability: Rationale and user’s guide for Multitrait Analysis Program on the microcomputer

  • Ron D. Hays
  • Toshi Hayashi
Session VII Coding And Analysis Of Data

DOI: 10.3758/BF03203140

Cite this article as:
Hays, R.D. & Hayashi, T. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers (1990) 22: 167. doi:10.3758/BF03203140


A methodology for evaluating Likert-type scales is presented. Multitrait scaling is a straightforward approach to scale analysis that focuses on items as the unit of analysis and utilizes the logic of convergent and discriminant validity. Multitrait scaling is illustrated with the Multitrait Analysis Program, using patient satisfaction data from the Medical Outcomes Study.

Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ron D. Hays
    • 1
  • Toshi Hayashi
    • 2
  1. 1.RAND CorporationSanta Monica
  2. 2.Office of ResearchCalifornia State AssemblySacramento

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