Advertisement

Memory & Cognition

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 389–395 | Cite as

Is three greater than five: The relation between physical and semantic size in comparison tasks

  • Avishai Henik
  • Joseph Tzelgov
Article

Abstract

In this study, subjects were asked to judge which of two digits (e.g., 3 5) was larger either in physical or in numerical size. Reaction times were facilitated when the irrelevant dimension was congruent with the relevant dimension and were inhibited when the two were incongruent (size congruity effect). Although judgments based on physical size were faster, their speed was affected by the numerical distance between the members of the digit pair, indicating that numerical distance is automatically computed even when it is irrelevant to the comparative judgment being required by the task. This finding argues for parallel processing of physical and semantic information in this task.

Keywords

Relevant Dimension Physical Size Incongruent Trial Congruent Trial Irrelevant Dimension 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Reference Notes

  1. 1.
    Hinrichs, J. V.Physical and numerical size in number comparisons. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, November 1976.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yurko, D. S., & Hinrichs, J. V.Judgment of numerical inequality: Size-value congruity. Paper presented at the meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, May 1978.Google Scholar

References

  1. Banks, W. P. Encoding and processing of symbolic information in comparative judgments. In G. H. Bower (Ed.),The psychology of learning and motivation (Vol. 11). New York: Academic Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  2. Banks, W. P., &Floka, J. Semantic and perceptual processes in symbolic comparisons.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 1977,3, 278–290.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Besnek, D., &Coltheart, M. Ideographic and alphabetic processing in skilled reading of English.Neuropsychologia, 1979,17, 467–472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dixon, P., &Just, M. A. Normalization of irrelevant dimensions in stimulus comparisons.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 1978,4, 36–46.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hécean, H. Aphasias. In M. S. Gazzaniga (Ed.),Handbook of behavioral neurobiology (Vol. 2). New York: Plenum, 1979.Google Scholar
  6. Hécaen, H., &Kremin, H. Neurolinguistic research on reading disorders resulting from left hemisphere lesions. In H. Whitaker & H. A. Whitaker (Eds.),Studies in neurolinguistics (Vol. 2). New York: Academic Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  7. Holyoak, K. J. The form of analog size information in memory.Cognitive Psychology, 1977,9, 31–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Moyer, R. S. Comparing objects in memory: Evidence suggesting an internal psychophysics.Perception & Psychophysics, 1973,13, 180–184.Google Scholar
  9. Moyer, R. S., Bradley, D. R., Sorensen, M. H., Whiting, J. C., &Mansfield, D. P. Psychophysical functions for perceived and remembered size.Science, 1978,200, 330–332.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Paivio, A. Perceptual comparisons through the mind’s eye.Memory & Cognition, 1975,3, 635–647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Sternberg, S. The discovery of processing stages: Extension of Donder’s method.Acta Psychologia, 1969,30, 276–315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Avishai Henik
    • 1
  • Joseph Tzelgov
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Behavioral SciencesBen Gurion University of the NegevBeer-SheveIsrael

Personalised recommendations