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Animal Learning & Behavior

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 443–451 | Cite as

An approach through the looking-glass

  • Wayne A. Hershberger
Article

Abstract

Forty food-deprived cockerel chicks were tested individually in a straight runway containing a familiar food cup that moved when the chicks moved. The food cup always moved in the same direction as the chick: For 20 experimental chicks it moved twice as far as the chick; for 20 control chicks it moved half as far. In Lewis Carroll’s (1898/1926) picturesque terminology, the experimental chicks were tested in Alice’s “room through the looking-glass,” in which, in order to approach the food cup, they had to “walk the other way.” Although the control chicks performed well, the experimental chicks evinced the runway behavior that characterizes positive feedback: They persistently chased the food cup away. This means that the spatial polarity of visual feedback is critical and implies that an ordinary approach response is but an automatic (closed-loop) realization of an intended visual perception.

Keywords

Test Trial Home Cage Response Duration Drive Shaft Goal Position 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wayne A. Hershberger
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyNorthern Illinois UniversityDeKalb

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