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A portion of this paper was presented at the Second International Conference on the Evolution of Language, London, April 1998. I thank Robert Seyfarth and Dorothy Cheney for reading several drafts of this paper and for talking often and enthusiastically about these issues. Thanks also to Toby Mintz, Letty Naigles, Bill Timberlake, Laura Wagner, and three anonymous reviewers for their many helpful suggestions at different stages of writing.
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Kako, E. Elements of syntax in the systems of three language-trained animals. Animal Learning & Behavior 27, 1–14 (1999). https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03199424
- Noun Phrase
- Human Language
- Direct Object
- Argument Structure
- Thematic Role