In two experiments subjects presented with either words or pictures showed improved recall over three successive recall tests for both types of materials, partially replicating Erdelyi’s finding of hypermnesia. However, these subjects did not recall more unique items than other subjects who received only one test equated in time with the three shorter ones. It is concluded that hypermnesia results from simply allowing subjects additional recall time. In a third experiment subjects were shown to recall additional information even after a long recall period employed during an experimental session. This surprising amount of item recovery during long recall periods is attributed to the use of subjective retrieval cues that are thought to function in a manner analogous to externally manipulated cues.
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This paper was written while the first author was on leave at the University of Toronto. This research was supported in part by Grant A8632 from the National Research Council of Canada to Endel Tulving.
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L. Roediger, H., A. Thorpe, L. The role of recall time in producing hypermnesia. Memory & Cognition 6, 296–305 (1978). https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03197459
- Free Recall
- Recall Test
- Recall Period
- Recall Time
- Successive Recall