Anderson, E., Hamburger, S., Liu, J. H., &Rebar, R. W. (1987). Characteristics of menopausal women seeking assistance.American Journal of Obstetric Gynecology,156, 428–433.
Anderson, N., Craik, F. I. M., &Naveh-Benjamin, M. (1998). The attentional demands of encoding and retrieval in younger and older adults: Evidence for divided attention’s costs.Psychology & Aging,13, 405–423.
Banks, W. P. (1970). Signal detection theory and human memory.Psychological Bulletin,74, 81–99.
Barrett-Connor, E., &Edelstein, S. (1994). A prospective study of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate and cognitive function in an older population: The Rancho Bernardo Study.Journal of the American Geriatric Society,42, 420–423.
Barrou, Z., Charru, P., &Lidy, C. (1997). Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and aging.Archives of Gerontology & Geriatrics,24, 233–241.
Berkman, L., Seeman, T., Albert, M., et al. (1993). High, usual and impaired functioning in community-dwelling older men and women: Findings from the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Successful Aging.Journal of Clinical Epidemiology,46, 1129–1140.
Campbell, S., &Whitehead, M. (1977). Œstrogen therapy and the menopausal syndrome.Clinical Obstetrics & Gynecology,4, 31–47.
Donaldson, W. (1992). Measuring recognition memory.Journal of Experimental Psychology: General,121, 275–277.
Donaldson, W. (1994). Accuracy ofd′ andA′ as estimates of sensitivity.Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society,31, 271–274.
Flood, J. F., Farr, S. A., Kaiser, F. E., La Regina, M., &Morley, J. E. (1995). Age-related decrease of plasma testosterone in SAMP8 mice: Replacement improves age-related impairment of learning and memory.Physiology & Behavior,57, 669–673.
Flood, J. F., Morley, J. E., &Roberts, E. (1992). Memory-enhancing effects in male mice of pregnenolone and steroids metabolically derived from it.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,89, 1567–1571.
Flood, J. F., Smith, G. E., &Roberts, E. (1988). Dehydroepiandrosterone and its sulfate enhance memory retention in mice.Brain Research,447, 269–278.
Folk, J. (1999). Phonological codes are used to access the lexicon in silent reading.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition,25, 892–906.
Frye, C. A., &Sturgis, J. D. (1995). Neurosteroids affect spatial/reference, working, and long-term memory of female rats.Neurobiology of Learning & Memory,64, 83–96.
Gerhand, S., &Barry, C. (1998). Word frequency effects in oral reading are not merely age-of-acquisition effects in disguise.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition,24, 267–283.
Gouchie, W., &Kimura, D. (1991). The relationship between testosterone levels and cognitive ability patterns.Psychoneuroendocrinology,16, 323–334.
Gould, E., Woolley, C. S., Frankfurt, M., &McEwen, B. S. (1990). Gonadal steroids regulate dendritic spine density in hippocampal pyramidal cells in adulthood.Journal of Neuroscience,10, 1286–1291.
Green, D., &Swets, J. (1966).Signal detection theory and psychophysics. New York: Wiley.
Hanson, S. L., Fjalland, B., &Jackson, M. D. (1999). Differential blockade of gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptors by the neuroactive steroid dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate in posterior and intermediate pituitary.Molecular Pharmacology,55, 489–496.
Hasher, L., &Zacks, R. T. (1979). Automatic and effortful processes in memory.Journal of Experimental Psychology,108, 356–388.
Healy, A., &Kubovy, M. (1978). The effects of payoffs and prior probabilities on indices of performance and cutoff location in recognition memory.Memory & Cognition,6, 544–553.
Hirshman, E. (1995). Decision processes in recognition memory: Criterion shifts and the list-strength paradigm.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition,21, 302–313.
Hirshman, E., &Henzler, A. (1998). The role of decision processes in conscious recollection.Psychological Science,9, 61–65.
Hirshman, E., &Hostetter, M. (2000). Using ROC curves to test models of recognition memory.Memory & Cognition,28, 161–166.
Hirshman, E., Passannante, A., &Arndt, J. (1999). The effect of midalzolam on the modality-match effect in implicit memory.Cognitive Brain Research,7, 473–493.
Hogervorst, E., Williams, J., Budge, M., Riedel, W., &Jolles, J. (2000). The nature of the effect of female gonadal hormone replacement therapy on cognitive function in post-menopausal women.Neuroscience,101, 485–512.
Huppert, F. A., van Niekerk, J. K., &Herbert, J. (2000). Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) supplementation for cognition and wellbeing.Cochrane Database of Systematic Review [Computer file],2, CD000304.
Kroboth, P. D., Frye, R., Linares, A., Folan, M., Hakala, C., Stone, R., &Kroboth, F. (1998). Gender differences in pharmacokinetics of DHEA and DHEA-S following single and multiple dose administration of DHEA in healthy older adults [Abstract].Journal of Neuroscience,24, 345.
Kroboth, P. D., Salek, F. S., Pittenger, A. L., Fabian, T. J., &Frye, R. F. (1999). DHEA and DHEA-S: A review.Journal of Clinical Pharmacology,39, 327–348.
Labrie, F., Bélanger, A., Cusan, L., Gomez, J.-L., &Candas, B. (1997). Marked decline in serum concentrations of adrenal C19 sex steroid precursors and conjugated androgen metabolites during aging.Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism,82, 2396–2402.
LeBlanc, E., Janowsky, J., Chan, B., &Nelson, H. (2001). Hormone replacement therapy and cognition: Systematic review and metaanalysis.Journal of the American Medical Association,285, 1489–1499.
Longcope, C., Bourget, C., &Flood, C. (1982). The production and aromatization of dehydroepiandrosterone in postmenopausal women.Maturitas,4, 325–332.
May, C., &Hasher, L. (1998). Synchrony effects in inhibitory control over thought and action.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance,24, 363–379.
Melchior, C. L., &Ritzmann, R. F. (1996). Neurosteroids block the memory-impairing effects of ethanol in mice.Pharmacology, Biochemistry, & Behavior,53, 51–56.
Moffat, S. D., &Hampson, E. (1996). A curvilinear relationship between testosterone and spatial cognition in humans: Possible influence of hand preference.Psychoneuroendocrinology,21, 323–337.
Morales, A. J., Haubricht, R. H., Hwang, J. Y., Asakura, H., &Yen, S. S. C. (1998). The effect of six months treatment with a 100 mg daily dose of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) on circulating sex steroids, body composition and muscle strength in age-advanced men and women.Clinical Endocrinology,49, 421–432.
Morales, A. [J.], Nolan, J., Nelson, J., &Yen, S. (1994). Effects of replacement dose of dehydroepiandrosterone in men and women of advancing age.Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism,78, 1360–1367.
Mortola, J. F., &Yen, S. S. C. (1990). The effects of oral dehydroepiandrosterone on endocrine-metabolic parameters in postmenopausal women.Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism,71, 57–62.
Neave, N., Menaged, M., &Weightman, D. R. (1999). Sex differences in cognition: The role of testosterone and sexual orientation.Brain & Cognition,41, 245–262.
Ohashi, M., Kato, K., Nawata, H., &Ibayashi, H. (1986). Adrenocortical responsiveness to graded ACTH infusions in normal young and elderly human subjects.Gerontology,32, 43–51.
Orentreich, N., Brind, J. L., Rizer, R. L., &Vogelman, J. H. (1984). Age changes and sex differences in serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate concentrations throughout adulthood.Journal of Endocrinology & Metabolism,59, 511–555.
Orentreich, N., Brind, J. L., Vogelman, J. H., Andres, R., &Baldwin, H. (1992). Long-term longitudinal measurements of plasma dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate in normal men.Journal of Endocrinology & Metabolism,75, 1002–1004.
Parks, T. (1966). Signal detectability theory of recognition memory performance.Psychological Review,73, 44–58.
Pavlov, E. P., Harman, S. M., Chrousos, G. P., Lorieux, D. L., &Blackman, M. R. (1986). Responses of plasma adrenocorticotropin, cortisol, and dehydroepiandrosterone to ovine corticotropin-releasing hormone in healthy aging men.Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism,62, 767–772.
Postma, A., Meyer, G., Tuiten, A., Van Honk, J., Kessels, R. P., &Thijssen, J. (2000). Effects of testosterone administration on selective aspects of object-location memory in healthy young women.Psychoneuroendocrinology,25, 563–575.
Reddy, D. S., &Kulkarni, S. K. (1998). The effects of neurosteroids on acquisition and retention of a modified passive-avoidance learning task in mice.Brain Research,791, 108–116.
Regelson, W., Loria, R., &Kalimi, L. R. (1994). Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)—the “mother steroid”: I. Immunologic action. In W. Pierpaoli, W. Regelson, & N. Fabris (Eds.),The aging clock: The pineal gland and other pacemakers in the progression of aging and carcinogenesis. Third Stromboli Conference on Aging and Cancer. (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 719, pp. 533–563). New York: New York Academy of Sciences.
Rhodes, M. E., Li, P. K., Burke, A. M., &Johnson, D. A. (1997). Enhanced plasma DHEAS, brain acetylcholine and memory mediated by steroid sulfatase inhibition.Brain Research,773, 28–32.
Rosenfeld, R. S., Hellman, L., Roffwarg, H., Weitzman, E. D., Fukushima, D. K., &Gallagher, T. F. (1971). Dehydroepiandrosterone is secreted episodically and synchronously with cortisol by normal man.Journal of Clinical Endocrinology,33, 87–92.
Rubino, S., Stomati, M., Bersi, C., Casarosa, E., Luisi, M., Petraglia, F., &Genazzani, A. (1998). Neuroendocrine effect of a short-term treatment with DHEA in postmenopausal women.Maturitus,28, 251–257.
Salthouse, T. (1993). The processing speed theory of adult age differences in cognition.Psychological Review,103, 403–428.
Sherwin, B. (1988). Estrogen and/or androgen replacement therapy and cognitive functioning in surgically menopausal women.Psychoneuroendocrinology,13, 345–357.
Sherwin, B. (1997). Estrogen effects on cognition in menopausal women.Neurology,48, S21-S26.
Snodgrass, J. G., &Corwin, J. (1988). Pragmatics of measuring recognition memory: Applications to dementia and amnesia.Journal of Experimental Psychology: General,117, 34–50.
Squire, L. R. (1992). Memory and the hippocampus: A synthesis from findings with rats, monkeys, and humans.Psychological Review,99, 582–594.
Steer, R. A., Cavalieri, T. A., Leonard, D. M., &Beck, A. T. (1999). Use of the Beck Depression Inventory for primary care to screen for major depression disorders.General Hospital Psychiatry,21, 106–111.
Vinson, G., Whitehouse, B., &Goddard, C. (1978). Steroid 17-hydroxylation and androgen production by incubated rat adrenal tissue.Journal of Steroid Biochemistry,9, 677–683.
Wigstrom, H., &Gustaffson, B. (1985). On long-lasting potentiation in the hippocampus: A proposed mechanism for its dependence on coincident pre- and postsynaptic activity.Acta Physiologica Scandinavica,123, 519–522.
Wolf, O. T., Kudielka, B. M., Hellhammer, D. H., Hellhammer, J., &Kirschbaum, C. (1998). Opposing effects of DHEA replacement in elderly subjects on declarative memory and attention after exposure to a laboratory stressor.Psychoneuroendocrinology,23, 617–629.
Wolf, O. T., Neumann, O., Hellhammer, D. H., Geiben, A. C., Strasburger, C. J., Dressendörfer, R. A., Pirke, K. M., &Kirschbaum, C. (1997). Effects of a two-week physiological dehydroepiandrosterone substitution on cognitive performance and wellbeing in healthy elderly women and men.Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism,82, 2363–2367.
Wong, M., &Moss, R. L. (1992). Long-term and short-term electrophysiological effects of estrogen on the synaptic properties of hippocampal CA 1 neurons.Journal of Neuroscience,12, 3217–3225.