The effects of retention interval and level of processing on false recall and false recognition of associates were examined. False recall and false recognition were induced by presenting subjects with words closely associated with a nonstudied word. Both level of processing and retention interval affected false recall (Experiment 1) and false recognition (Experiment 2) in the same direction with which they affected accurate recall and accurate recognition. That is, semantically processed lists exhibited higher levels of later false recall and false recognition than did superficially processed lists. Furthermore, a decline in false recall and false recognition occurred across retention intervals of 0, 2, and 7 days. However, the decline in false recall and false recognition was less pronounced than the decline in accurate recall and accurate recognition. Results are consistent with source monitoring and fuzzy trace explanations of false recall and false recognition.
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This research was supported in part by a Williams College Faculty Research grant awarded to A.T. and by NIMH Grant 1RO3 MH59034-01 to K.B.M.
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Thapar, A., McDermott, K.B. False recall and false recognition induced by presentation of associated words: Effects of retention interval and level of processing. Memory & Cognition 29, 424–432 (2001). https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03196393
- Retention Interval
- False Memory
- Study List
- Item Type
- False Recognition