Memory & Cognition

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 424–432 | Cite as

False recall and false recognition induced by presentation of associated words: Effects of retention interval and level of processing

  • Anjali ThaparEmail author
  • Kathleen B. McDermottEmail author


The effects of retention interval and level of processing on false recall and false recognition of associates were examined. False recall and false recognition were induced by presenting subjects with words closely associated with a nonstudied word. Both level of processing and retention interval affected false recall (Experiment 1) and false recognition (Experiment 2) in the same direction with which they affected accurate recall and accurate recognition. That is, semantically processed lists exhibited higher levels of later false recall and false recognition than did superficially processed lists. Furthermore, a decline in false recall and false recognition occurred across retention intervals of 0, 2, and 7 days. However, the decline in false recall and false recognition was less pronounced than the decline in accurate recall and accurate recognition. Results are consistent with source monitoring and fuzzy trace explanations of false recall and false recognition.


Retention Interval False Memory Study List Item Type False Recognition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyBryn Mawr CollegeBryn Mawr
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyWashington, University

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