Perception & Psychophysics

, Volume 67, Issue 1, pp 102–119 | Cite as

Contextual relative temporal duration judgment: An investigation of sequence interruptions

Article
  • 195 Downloads

Abstract

How do listeners judge relative duration? There currently are three primary classes of proposed timing mechanisms: interval based (judgments of discrete events), beat based (judgments of beat synchrony), and oscillator based (judgments of relative phase or synchrony). In the present research, these mechanisms were examined in terms of predictions both about how an induction sequence of preceding intervals affects relative temporal duration comparison in a simple, two-interval task and about how a pause (e.g., an interstimulus interval) within the presented sequence affects relative temporal duration judgment. Results indicated that a relative temporal judgment was best when all intervals preceding the to-be-judged interval were equal in duration to the to-be-judged interval. Results also indicated that whereas short pauses significantly impair a relative temporal duration judgment, long pauses generally do not reduce the effectiveness of the induction sequence. The results are not entirely consistent with current conceptualizations of any of the proposed mechanisms but can be fully accommodated with simple modifications to the oscillator-based mechanism.

References

  1. Abel, S. M. (1971). Discrimination of temporal gaps.Journal of the Acoustical Society of America,52, 519–524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Allan, L. G. (1975). The relationship between judgments of successiveness and judgments of order.Perception & Psychophysics,18, 29–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barnes, R., &Jones, M. R. (2000). Expectancy, attention, and time.Cognitive Psychology,41, 254–311.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Berens, M. S., & Pastore, R. E. (2003, June).Temporal duration judgment with a variable induction sequence. Poster session presented at the biannual meeting of the Society of Music Perception and Cognition, Las Vegas.Google Scholar
  5. Berens, M. S., & Pastore, R. E. (2005).Is half of something equal to two of another? A comparison of halving and doubling capabilities. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  6. Creelman, C. D. (1962). Human discrimination of auditory duration.Journal of the Acoustical Society of America,34, 582–593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Divenyi, P. L., &Danner, W. F. (1977). Discrimination of time intervals marked by brief acoustic pulses of various intensities and spectra.Perception & Psychophysics,21, 125–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Divenyi, P. L., &Sachs, R. M. (1978). Discrimination of time intervals bounded by tone bursts.Perception & Psychophysics,24, 429–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Drake, C., &Botte, M.-C. (1993). Tempo sensitivity in auditory sequences: Evidence for a multiple-look model.Perception & Psychophysics,54, 277–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gibbon, J. (1977). Scalar expectancy theory and Weber’s law in animal timing.Psychological Review,84, 279–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Grondin, S. (1993). Duration discrimination of empty and filled intervals marked by auditory and visual signals.Perception & Psychophysics,54, 383–394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Grondin, S., Ivry, R. B., Franz, E., Perreault, L., &Metthé, L. (1996). Markers’ influence on the duration discrimination of intermodal intervals.Perception & Psychophysics,58, 424–433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Helson, H. (1947). Adaptation-level as a frame of reference for prediction of psychophysical data.American Journal of Psychology,60, 1–29.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Henry, F. M. (1948). Discrimination of the duration of a sound.Journal of Experimental Psychology,38, 734–743.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hirsh, I. J. (1959). Auditory perception of temporal order.Journal of the Acoustical Society of America,31, 759–767.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ivry, R. I., &Hazeltine, R. I. (1995). Perception and production of temporal intervals across a range of duration: Evidence for a common timing mechanism.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance,21, 3–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jones, M. R., &Yee, W. (1997). Sensitivity to time change: The role of context and skill.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance,23, 693–709.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Keele, S. W., Nicoletti, R., Ivry, R. B., &Pokorny, R. A. (1989). Mechanisms of perceptual timing: Beat-based or interval-based judgments?Psychological Research,50, 251–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Large, E. W., &Jones, M. R. (1999). The dynamics of attending: How people track time-varying events.Psychological Review,106, 119–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Licklider, J. C. R. (1951). Basic correlates of the auditory stimulus. In S. S. Stevens (Ed.),Handbook of experimental psychology (pp. 985–1039). Oxford: Wiley.Google Scholar
  21. Madison, G. (2004). Detection of linear temporal drift in sound sequences: Empirical data and modeling principles.Acta Psychologica,117, 95–118.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. McAuley, J. D., &Jones, M. R. (2003). Modeling effects of rhythmic context on perceived duration: A comparison of interval and entrainment approaches to short-interval timing.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance,29, 1102–1125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. McAuley, J. D., &Kidd, G. R. (1998). Effect of deviations from temporal expectations on tempo discrimination of isochronous tone sequences.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance,24, 1786–1800.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Miller, J. D., Wier, C. C., Pastore, R. E., Kelly, W. J., &Dooling, R. J. (1976). Discrimination and labeling of noise-buzz sequences with varying noise-lead times: An example of categorical perception.Journal of the Acoustical Society of America,60, 410–417.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pashler, H. (2001). Perception and production of brief durations: Beatbased versus interval-based timing.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance,27, 485–493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pastore, R. E., Crawley, E. J., Berens, M. S., &Skelly, M. A. (2003). “Nonparametric” A’ and other modern misconceptions about signal detection theory.Psychonomic Bulletin & Review,10, 556–569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Pisoni, D. B. (1980). Adaptation of the relative onset time of two-component tones.Perception & Psychophysics,28, 337–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Povel, D.-J., &Essens, P. J. (1985). Perception of temporal patterns.Music Perception,2, 411–441.Google Scholar
  29. Rammsayer, T. H. (1994). Effects of practice and signal energy on duration discrimination of brief auditory intervals.Perception & Psychophysics,55, 454–464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rammsayer, T. H., &Leutner, D. (1996). Temporal discrimination as a function of marker duration.Perception & Psychophysics,58, 1213–1223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rousseau, L., &Rousseau, R. (1996). Stop-reaction time and the internal clock.Perception & Psychophysics,58, 434–448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Schulze, H. H. (1978). The detectability of local and global displacements in regular rhythmic patterns.Psychological Research,40, 173–181.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Small, A. M., &Campbell, R. A. (1962). Temporal differential sensitivity for auditory stimuli.American Journal of Psychology,75, 401–410.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Snyder, J., &Krumhansl, C. L. (2001). Tapping to ragtime: Cues to pulse finding.Music Perception,18, 455–489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sorkin, R. D. (1990). Perception of temporal patterns defined by tonal sequences.Journal of the Acoustical Society of America,87, 1695–1701.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Westheimer, G. (1999). Discrimination of short time intervals by the human observer.Experimental Brain Research,129, 121–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Woodworth, R. S., &Schlosberg, H. (1959).Experimental psychology. Oxford: Sloenska Akademia Vied.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyState University of New YorkBinghamton

Personalised recommendations