Rats were trained to find the hidden platform in a Morris pool, whose location was defined by reference to a small number of landmarks around the circumference of the pool. In each of three experiments, an experimental group was trained on alternate trials with two different subsets of three of the available landmarks, with the two subsets sharing one landmark in common. When tested with landmarks drawn from both of their training configurations, but without the landmark common to the two sets, they had no difficulty in locating the platform. In Experiment 1, they performed at least as well as a group trained with all the available landmarks present on every trial. In Experiment 2, they performed significantly better than a group trained with two different subsets of landmarks that shared no one landmark in common.
Adams, C. D., &Dickinson, A. (1981a). Actions and habits: Variations in associative representations during instrumental learning. In N. E. Spear & R. R. Miller (Eds.),Information processing in animals: Memory mechanisms (pp. 143–165). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Adams, C. D., &Dickinson, A. (1981b). Instrumental responding following reinforcer devaluation.Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology,33B, 109–121.
Blaisdell, A. P., &Cook, R. G. (2005). Integration of spatial maps in pigeons.Animal Cognition,8, 7–16.
Brogden, W. J. (1939). Sensory pre-conditioning.Journal of Experimental Psychology,25, 323–332.
Chamizo, V. D., Manteiga, R. D., Rodrigo, T., &Mackintosh, N. J. (2006). Competition between landmarks in spatial learning: The role of proximity to the goal.Behavioural Processes,71, 59–65.
Gallistel, C. R. (1990).The organization of learning. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Morris, R. G. M. (1981). Spatial localization does not require the presence of local cues.Learning & Motivation,12, 239–260.
Pearce, J. M. (1994). Similarity and discrimination: A selective review and a connectionist model.Psychological Review,101, 587–607.
Poucet, B. (1993). Spatial cognitive maps in animals: New hypotheses on their structure and neural mechanisms.Psychological Review,100, 163–182.
Razran, G. (1961). The observable unconscious and the inferable conscious in current Soviet psychophysiology: Interoceptive conditioning, semantic conditioning, and the orienting reflex.Psychological Review,68, 81–147.
Sawa, K., Leising, K. J., &Blaisdell, A. P. (2005). Sensory preconditioning in spatial learning using a touch screen task in pigeons.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 31, 368–375.
Spetch, M. L. (1995). Overshadowing in landmark learning: Touchscreen studies with pigeons and humans.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes,21, 166–181.
Sutherland, R. J., Chew, G. L., Baker, J. C., &Linggard, R. C. (1987). Some limitations on the use of distal cues in place navigation by rats.Psychobiology,15, 48–57.
Worden, R. (1992). Navigation by fragment fitting: A theory of hippocampal function.Hippocampus,2, 165–187.
This research was supported by grants from the Spanish Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (SEJ2004-07621-C02) and the Generalitat de Catalunya (AGAUR SGR2005) to V.D.C.
About this article
Cite this article
Chamizo, V.D., Rodrigo, T. & Mackintosh, N.J. Spatial integration with rats. Learning & Behavior 34, 348–354 (2006). https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03193198
- Test Trial
- Local Chart
- Escape Trial
- Platform Quadrant
- Genus Lizati