Behavior Research Methods

, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp 844–851 | Cite as

Validity of virtual reality as a method of exposure in the treatment of test anxiety

  • Ivan Alsina-JurnetEmail author
  • Cristina Carvallo-Beciu
  • José Gutiérrez-Maldonado


This is a validation study, aiming to explore the effectiveness of a set of virtual environments for producing emotionally significant responses in students with high levels of test anxiety in order to be able to implement them later in treatment. Twenty-one students agreed to take part, 11 with high test anxiety and 10 with low test anxiety. The virtual environments were prepared in chronological order: the student’s home, then the metro, and finally the corridor and lecture hall where the examination takes place. The results showed that the high-testanxiety group presented higher levels of anxiety and depression than the low-test-anxiety group during exposure to the virtual environments. This study shows that virtual reality is able to provoke emotional responses in students with high test anxiety. This validation study should be followed up with treatment studies to evaluate the efficacy of virtual reality therapy for treating test anxiety.


Virtual Reality Eating Disorder Virtual Environment State Anxiety Test Anxiety 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ivan Alsina-Jurnet
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cristina Carvallo-Beciu
    • 1
  • José Gutiérrez-Maldonado
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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