Behavior Research Methods

, Volume 51, Issue 5, pp 2094–2105 | Cite as

Visual and auditory perceptual strength norms for 3,596 French nouns and their relationship with other psycholinguistic variables

  • Georges ChedidEmail author
  • Simona Maria Brambati
  • Christophe Bedetti
  • Amandine E. Rey
  • Maximilliano A. Wilson
  • Guillaume T. Vallet


Perceptual experience plays a critical role in the conceptual representation of words. Higher levels of semantic variables such as imageability, concreteness, and sensory experience are generally associated with faster and more accurate word processing. Nevertheless, these variables tend to be assessed mostly on the basis of visual experience. This underestimates the potential contributions of other perceptual modalities. Accordingly, recent evidence has stressed the importance of providing modality-specific perceptual strength norms. In the present study, we developed French Canadian norms of visual and auditory perceptual strength (i.e., the modalities that have major impact on word processing) for 3,596 nouns. We then explored the relationship between these newly developed variables and other lexical, orthographic, and semantic variables. Finally, we demonstrated the contributions of visual and auditory perceptual strength ratings to visual word processing beyond those of other semantic variables related to perceptual experience (e.g., concreteness, imageability, and sensory experience ratings). The ratings developed in this study are a meaningful contribution toward the implementation of new studies that will shed further light on the interaction between linguistic, semantic, and perceptual systems.


Perceptual strength Norms Regression Psycholinguistic variables 


Author note

G.C. is supported by a Fonds de recherche du Québec–Nature et Technologies (FRQ-NT) fellowship. S.M.B. is supported by a Fonds de recherche du Québec–Santé (FRQS) Chercheur Boursier Junior 2 Scholarship. The work was supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (Grant 418630-2012 to S.M.B.) and by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (Grant 430-2015-00699 to M.A.W.).

Supplementary material

13428_2019_1254_MOESM1_ESM.doc (418 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 418 kb)
13428_2019_1254_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (54 kb)
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Copyright information

© The Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georges Chedid
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Simona Maria Brambati
    • 1
    • 2
  • Christophe Bedetti
    • 2
  • Amandine E. Rey
    • 4
  • Maximilliano A. Wilson
    • 3
  • Guillaume T. Vallet
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MontrealMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Centre de RechercheInstitut Universitaire de Gériatrie de MontréalMontrealCanada
  3. 3.Centre de recherche CERVO et Département de réadaptationUniversité LavalQuebec CityCanada
  4. 4.Laboratoire d’Étude des Mécanismes CognitifsUniversité Lyon 2LyonFrance
  5. 5.CNRS UMR 6024, Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale et CognitiveUniversité Clermont AuvergneClermont-FerrandFrance

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