Concreteness norms for 1,659 French words: Relationships with other psycholinguistic variables and word recognition times

  • Patrick Bonin
  • Alain Méot
  • Aurélia Bugaiska


Words that correspond to a potential sensory experience—concrete words—have long been found to possess a processing advantage over abstract words in various lexical tasks. We collected norms of concreteness for a set of 1,659 French words, together with other psycholinguistic norms that were not available for these words—context availability, emotional valence, and arousal—but which are important if we are to achieve a better understanding of the meaning of concreteness effects. We then investigated the relationships of concreteness with these newly collected variables, together with other psycholinguistic variables that were already available for this set of words (e.g., imageability, age of acquisition, and sensory experience ratings). Finally, thanks to the variety of psychological norms available for this set of words, we decided to test further the embodied account of concreteness effects in visual-word recognition, championed by Kousta, Vigliocco, Vinson, Andrews, and Del Campo (Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 140, 14–34, 2011). Similarly, we investigated the influences of concreteness in three word recognition tasks—lexical decision, progressive demasking, and word naming—using a multiple regression approach, based on the reaction times available in Chronolex (Ferrand, Brysbaert, Keuleers, New, Bonin, Méot, Pallier, Frontiers in Psychology, 2; 306, 2011). The norms can be downloaded as supplementary material provided with this article.


Concreteness Imageability Context availability Emotional valence Arousal Sensory experience ratings Word recognition 

Supplementary material

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13428_2018_1014_MOESM2_ESM.txt (86 kb)
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© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LEAD-CNRS (UMR 5022), Univ. Bourgogne Franche-ComtéDijon CedexFrance
  2. 2.Université Clermont Auvergne, CNRS, LAPSCOClermont-FerrandFrance

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