Behavior Research Methods

, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 84–93 | Cite as

EmoFinder: The meeting point for Spanish emotional words

  • Isabel Fraga
  • Marc Guasch
  • Juan Haro
  • Isabel Padrón
  • Pilar Ferré


We present here emoFinder (, a Web-based search engine for Spanish word properties taken from different normative databases. The tool incorporates several subjective word properties for 16,375 distinct words. Although it focuses particularly on normative ratings for emotional dimensions (e.g., valence and arousal) and discrete emotional categories (fear, disgust, anger, happiness, and sadness), it also makes available ratings for other word properties that are known to affect word processing (e.g., concreteness, familiarity, contextual availability, and age of acquisition). The tool provides two main functionalities: Users can search for words matched on specific criteria with regard to the selected properties, or users can obtain the properties for a set of words. The output from emoFinder is highly customizable and can be accessed online or exported to a computer. The tool architecture is easily scalable, so that it can be updated to include word properties from new Spanish normative databases as they become available.


Emotional words Web-based search engine Subjective ratings Normative databases Spanish 


Author note

This study was supported by the Autonomous Government of Galicia (Grant No. GRC2015/006) and by the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad of Spain and the Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (MINECO/FEDER; Grant Nos. PSI2015-65116-P and PSI2015-63525-P). The authors thank Diego F. Goberna for patiently addressing all our technical demands in the development of the digital tool. We also thank all the authors of the databases for their generosity in granting us permission to include these in emoFinder, as well as an anonymous reviewer and Montserrat Comesaña for their insightful comments and suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isabel Fraga
    • 1
  • Marc Guasch
    • 2
  • Juan Haro
    • 2
  • Isabel Padrón
    • 1
  • Pilar Ferré
    • 2
  1. 1.Cognitive Processes & Behavior Research Group, Department of Social Psychology, Basic Psychology, and MethodologyUniversidade de Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain
  2. 2.Research Center for Behavior Assessment and Department of PsychologyUniversitat Rovira i VirgiliTarragonaSpain

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