Learning & Behavior

, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 331–332 | Cite as

Novel flexibility of social learning in dog puppies

  • Chana K. AkinsEmail author


Social learning has a large impact on fitness by reducing the costs and dangers associated with independent learning but little research has been conducted to investigate the ontogeny or individual development of this type of learning. Recent research indicated that puppies demonstrate social learning to both conspecific and human demonstrators, but were also more likely to learn better from an unfamiliar conspecific compared to their mother.


Social learning Ontogeny Conspecifics Retention Dog puppies 


  1. Adler, L.L. & Adler, H.E. (1997). Ontongeny of observational learning in the dog (Canis familiaris). Developmental Psychobiology, 10, 267-271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Fugazza, C., Moestra, A., Pogany, A., & Miklosi, A. (2018). Social learning from conspecifics and humans in dog puppies. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 9257. doi: Scholar
  3. Heyes, C. (2012). What’s social about social learning? Journal of Comparative Psychology, 126(2), 193-202.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Slabbert, J.M. &Rasa, O. (1997). Observational learning of an acquired maternal behaviour pattern by working dog pups: an alternative training method? Applied Animal Behavioral Sciences, 53, 309-316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Zentall, T.R. (2012). Perspectives on observational learning in animals. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 126(2), 114-128.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations