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Distinctive semantic features in the healthy adult brain

  • Megan ReillyEmail author
  • Natalya Machado
  • Sheila E. Blumstein
Article
  • 115 Downloads

Abstract

The role of semantic features, which are distinctive (e.g., a zebra’s stripes) or shared (e.g. has four legs) for accessing a concept, has been studied in detail in early neurodegenerative disease such as semantic dementia (SD). However, potential neural underpinnings of such processing have not been studied in healthy adults. The current study examines neural activation patterns using fMRI while participants completed a feature verification task, in which they identified shared or distinctive semantic features for a set of natural kinds and man-made artifacts. The results showed that the anterior temporal lobe bilaterally is an important area for processing distinctive features, and that this effect is stronger within natural kinds than man-made artifacts. These findings provide converging evidence from healthy adults that is consistent with SD research, and support a model of semantic memory in which patterns of specificity of semantic information can partially explain differences in neural activation between categories.

Keywords

Semantic memory Categorization fMRI Semantic features 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported in part by NIH Grant R01 DC006220 from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. The contents of this paper reflect the views of the authors and not those of the NIH or NIDCD. M.R. was also supported by a dissertation Fellowship from the American Association of University Women, as well as the Kenneth G. and Pamela K. Galner Fund at Brown University. The authors would like to thank Drs. Neal Fox and Sara Guediche for their comments and support.

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© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.Massachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Cognitive, Linguistic and Psychological SciencesBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA
  4. 4.Brown Institute for Brain ScienceBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA

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