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Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics

, Volume 81, Issue 2, pp 433–441 | Cite as

Different effects of spatial and temporal attention on the integration and segregation of stimuli in time

  • Poppy SharpEmail author
  • David Melcher
  • Clayton Hickey
Article
  • 142 Downloads

Abstract

Having expectations about when and where relevant stimuli will appear engenders endogenous temporal and spatial orienting and can provide vital benefits to visual processing. Although more is known about how each of these forms of orienting affects spatial processing, comparatively little is understood about their influences on the temporal integration and segregation of rapid sequential stimuli. A critical question is whether the influence of spatial cueing on temporal processing involves independent spatial and temporal orienting effects or a synergistic spatiotemporal impact. Here we delineated between the temporal and spatial orienting engendered by endogenous cues by using a paradigm with identical visual stimulation when the goal was to integrate or segregate the stimuli, in separate blocks of trials. We found strong effects of spatial orienting on both integration and segregation performance. In contrast, temporal orienting engendered only an invalid cueing cost, and for integration trials only. This clear differentiation between spatial and temporal cueing effects provides constraints to inform arbitration between theories of how attention biases the visual processing stream and influences the organization of visual perception in time.

Keywords

Selective attention Temporal processing Precuing 

Notes

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Copyright information

© The Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Mind/Brain (CIMeC)University of TrentoTrentoItaly
  2. 2.School of PsychologyUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamUK

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