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Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics

, Volume 80, Issue 6, pp 1559–1570 | Cite as

Coping with adversity: Individual differences in the perception of noisy and accented speech

  • Drew J. McLaughlinEmail author
  • Melissa M. Baese-Berk
  • Tessa Bent
  • Stephanie A. Borrie
  • Kristin J. Van Engen
Article

Abstract

During speech communication, both environmental noise and nonnative accents can create adverse conditions for the listener. Individuals recruit additional cognitive, linguistic, and/or perceptual resources when faced with such challenges. Furthermore, listeners vary in their ability to understand speech in adverse conditions. In the present study, we compared individuals’ receptive vocabulary, inhibition, rhythm perception, and working memory with transcription accuracy (i.e., intelligibility scores) for four adverse listening conditions: native speech in speech-shaped noise, native speech with a single-talker masker, nonnative-accented speech in quiet, and nonnative-accented speech in speech-shaped noise. The results showed that intelligibility scores for similar types of adverse listening conditions (i.e., with the same environmental noise or nonnative-accented speech) significantly correlated with one another. Furthermore, receptive vocabulary positively predicted performance globally across adverse listening conditions, and working memory positively predicted performance for the nonnative-accented speech conditions. Taken together, these results indicate that some cognitive resources may be recruited for all adverse listening conditions, while specific additional resources may be engaged when people are faced with certain types of listening challenges.

Keywords

Speech perception Working memory Inhibition 

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Copyright information

© The Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Drew J. McLaughlin
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Melissa M. Baese-Berk
    • 1
  • Tessa Bent
    • 3
  • Stephanie A. Borrie
    • 4
  • Kristin J. Van Engen
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of LinguisticsUniversity of OregonEugeneUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychological and Brain SciencesWashington University in St. LouisSt. LouisUSA
  3. 3.Department of Speech and Hearing SciencesIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA
  4. 4.Department of Communicative Disorders and Deaf EducationUtah State UniversityLoganUSA
  5. 5.Department of Psychological and Brain SciencesWashington UniversitySt. LouisUSA

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