Recognition-induced forgetting of faces in visual long-term memory
Despite more than a century of evidence that long-term memory for pictures and words are different, much of what we know about memory comes from studies using words. Recent research examining visual long-term memory has demonstrated that recognizing an object induces the forgetting of objects from the same category. This recognition-induced forgetting has been shown with a variety of everyday objects. However, unlike everyday objects, faces are objects of expertise. As a result, faces may be immune to recognition-induced forgetting. However, despite excellent memory for such stimuli, we found that faces were susceptible to recognition-induced forgetting. Our findings have implications for how models of human memory account for recognition-induced forgetting as well as represent objects of expertise and consequences for eyewitness testimony and the justice system.
KeywordsMemory: long-term memory Face recognition Visual memory and face recognition Recognition-induced forgetting Visual long-term memory
We thank Christian A. Meissner for the face stimuli. This research was supported by the National Eye Institute of the National Institutes of Health (R01-EY025275, R01-EY019882, R01-MH110378, P30-EY08126, and T32-EY007135).
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