Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics

, Volume 76, Issue 6, pp 1752–1764 | Cite as

Hitting ability and perception of object’s size: evidence for a negative relation

  • Wladimir Kirsch
  • Elisabeth Königstein
  • Wilfried Kunde


We examined the relation between motor performance and perception of object’s size in near space. The general task was to repeatedly hit a target by means of pointing movements and to estimate target’s size. In contrast to the results of previous studies, Experiment 1 and Experiment 2 revealed a negative relation between action ability and perceived target size: Participants who hit the target relatively often and whose motor variability was relatively low judged targets to be smaller than did participants whose motor performance was relatively poor. In Experiment 3, the size judgments were made in the presence of the target before, as well as after, pointing movements. The target was judged as smaller when it was easy, rather than difficult, to hit before as well as after the movement. Altogether, these results indicate that under certain conditions, an increased action ability reduces the apparent size of the actions’ target objects.


Embodied perception Goal-directed movements Perception and Action 



This research was supported by grant KI 1620/1-1 awarded to W. Kirsch by the German Research Council (DFG).


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Copyright information

© The Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wladimir Kirsch
    • 1
    • 2
  • Elisabeth Königstein
    • 1
  • Wilfried Kunde
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of WürzburgWürzburgGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Psychologie III der Universität WürzburgWürzburgGermany

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