Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 289–294 | Cite as

Three-quarter views are subjectively good because object orientation is uncertain

  • Ryosuke Niimi
  • Kazuhiko YokosawaEmail author
Brief Reports


Because the objects that surround us are three-dimensional, their appearance and our visual perception of them change depending on an object’s orientation relative to a viewpoint. One of the most remarkable effects of object orientation is that viewers prefer three-quarter views over others, such as front and back, but the exact source of this preference has not been firmly established. We show that object orientation perception of the threequarter view is relatively imprecise and that this impreciseness is related to preference for this view. Human vision is largely insensitive to variations among different three-quarter views (e.g., 45° vs. 50°); therefore, the three-quarter view is perceived as if it corresponds to a wide range of orientations. In other words, it functions as the typical representation of the object.


Object Image Object Orientation True Orientation Oblique Orientation Stimulus Image 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Graduate School of Humanities and SociologyUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceTokyoJapan

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