Transformation of polydipsic drinking into operant drinking: A paradigm?
- 96 Downloads
Polydipsia in a rat, induced by spacing of small food portions, spontaneously evolved into an operant drinking response, adventitiously reinforced by food deliveries. As operant control became stronger, the inductive control of food over polydipsic drinking disappeared. The final form of the behavior responded to amphetamine in the same way that other moderate-rate operants do, and unlike the way polydipsia does. The present, unprogrammed result suggests one origin of operant behavior, and suggests that there is a range of behavior between simple reflexes and operants.
KeywordsAmphetamine Food Delivery Wheel Running Experimental Analysis ofBehavior Stimulus Animal
- FALK, J. L. Studies on schedule-induced polydipsia. In M. J. Wayner (Ed.), Thirst. New York: Macmillan, 1964. Pp. 95–116.Google Scholar
- FALK, J. L. Conditions producing psychogenic polydipsia in animals. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, in press.Google Scholar
- LEVITSKY, D. A. Psychogenic wheel running. Psychonomic Bulletin, 1967, 1, 35. (Abstract)Google Scholar
- SEGAL, E. F., & DEADWYLER, S. A. Amphetamine differentially affects temporally spaced bar pressing and collateral water drinking. Psychonomic Science, 1964, 1, 349–350.Google Scholar
- SEGAL, E. F., ODEN, D. L., & DEADWYLER, S. A. Determinants of polydipsia: IV. Free-reinforcement schedules. Psychonomic Science, 1965a, 3, 11–12.Google Scholar
- SEGAL, E. F., ODEN, D. L., & DEADWYLER, S. A. Determinants of polydipsia: V. Effect of amphetamine and pentobarbital. Psychonomic Science, 1965b, 3, 33–34.Google Scholar
- ULRICH, R. E. Pain-aggression. In G. A. Kimble (Ed.), Foundations of conditioning and learning. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1967. Pp. 600–622.Google Scholar