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Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 94–96 | Cite as

Lead contamination: Chronic and acute behavioral effects in the albino rat

  • Martin M. Shapiro
  • J. M. Tritschler
  • Ronald A. Ulm
Physiological Psychology & Animal Behavior Physiological Effects

Abstract

Rats trained on an operant discrimination were subjected daily to a low level of lead contamination. Chronic contamination increased the variability of the discrimination behavior. Increased contamination produced an acute shift in the distribution of interresponse times.

Keywords

Saccharin Discrimination Training Discrimination Ratio Lead Contamination Interresponse Time 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Engel, R. E., Hammer, D. I., Hortin, R. J. M., Lane, N. M., & Plumlee, L. A. Environmental lead and public health. Washington, D.C: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1971.Google Scholar
  2. Schroeder, H. A., Balassa, J. J., & Vincton, W. H., Jr. Chromium, cadium, and lead in rats: Effects on life span, tumors, and tissue levels. Journal of Nutrition, 1965, 86, 51–66.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Psychonomic Society, Inc. 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin M. Shapiro
    • 1
  • J. M. Tritschler
    • 1
  • Ronald A. Ulm
    • 1
  1. 1.Emory UniversityAtlantaUSA

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