Memory & Cognition

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 96–102 | Cite as

Generative processes in character classification: Evidence for a probe encoding set

  • John G. Seamon
  • Charles E. Wright
Article
  • 160 Downloads

Abstract

The role of rehearsal in a varied set memory scanning task was investigated by asking the subjects to rehearse subvocally the one to four target characters cyclically at a self-paced rate until the probe was presented. After making a manual positive or negative response to the probe, the subjects reported the last item rehearsed before the probe was presented. The results indicate that, when the last rehearsed item matched the probe, RTs were significantly faster than when it differed. Mean RTs over target set size were generally well fit by linearly increasing RT functions, with comparable slope values for negative responses and positive responses when the last rehearsal was the same as or different from the probe. The data suggest that rehearsal may reduce the duration of the probe encoding stage through some mechanism of pathway activation by providing the subject with a generated representation of what may appear next as a probe.

Keywords

Serial Position Negative Response Target Size Target Character Memory Scanning 

References Notes

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    Sternberg, S. Evidence against self-terminating memory search from properties of RT distributions. Paper presented at the annual meeting, Psychonomic Society, St. Louis, November 1973.Google Scholar

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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • John G. Seamon
    • 1
  • Charles E. Wright
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWesleyan UniversityMiddletown

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