Temporal and spatial characteristics of selective encoding from visual displays
The time required for Ss to voice a target letter in a visual display was studied as a function of the spatial proximity of two kinds of noise elements (letters or disks) to the target and as a function of when the noise elements were presented following the onset of the target letter. The results were not consistent with a focusing model of attention or selective encoding. Instead, there appears to be a small area in the visual field (about 1 deg of angle) in which all stimuli are processed in detail.
- ERIKSEN, C. W., & ERIKSEN, B. A. Visual backward masking as measured by voice reaction time. Perception & Psychophysics, 1972, 12, 5–8.Google Scholar
- ERIKSEN, C. W., & HOFFMAN, J. E. Some characteristics of selective attention in visual perception determined by vocal/reaction time. Perception & Psychophysics, 1972, 11, 169–171.Google Scholar
- JAMES, W.The principles of psychology. I. New York: Dover, 1890.Google Scholar