Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 300–313 | Cite as

Odor memory: Review and analysis

  • Rachel S. Herz
  • Trygg Engen


We critically review the cognitive literature on olfactory memory and identify the similarities and differences between odor memory and visual-verbal memory. We then analyze this literature using criteria from a multiple memory systems approach to determine whether olfactory memory can be considered to be a separate memory system. We conclude that olfactory memory has a variety of important distinguishing characteristics, but that more data are needed to confer this distinction. We suggest methods for the study of olfactory memory that should make a resolution on the separate memory system hypothesis possible while simultaneously advancing a synthetic understanding of olfaction and cognition.


Proactive Interference Odor Identification Verbal Mediation Olfactory Memory Odor Recognition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Monell Chemical Senses CenterPhiladelphia
  2. 2.Brown UniversityProvidence

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