Memory & Cognition

, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 1041–1049 | Cite as

Plan formation, retention, and execution in prospective memory: A new approach and age-related effects

  • Matthias Kliegel
  • Mark A. McDanielEmail author
  • Gilles O. Einstein


Existing laboratory paradigms of prospective memory instruct subjects to remember to perform a single, isolated act at an appropriate point in the experiment. These paradigms do not completely capture many everyday complex prospective memory situations in which a series or set of delayed actions is planned to be executed in some subsequent period of time. We adapted a laboratory paradigm within which to study these prospective memory processes, and we investigated age-related influences on these prospective memory processes. Age-related declines were found in the planning, initiation, and execution of the set of tasks. In contrast, there were no age differences in plan retention or in the fidelity with which the plan was performed.


Prospective Memory Work Memory Capacity Plan Elaboration Prospective Memory Task Retrospective Memory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthias Kliegel
    • 1
  • Mark A. McDaniel
    • 2
    Email author
  • Gilles O. Einstein
    • 3
  1. 1.University of HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerque
  3. 3.Furman UniversityGreenville

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