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Memory & Cognition

, Volume 27, Issue 6, pp 1042–1050 | Cite as

The effect of memory load on negative priming: An individual differences investigation

  • Andrew R. A. ConwayEmail author
  • Stephen W. Tuholski
  • Rebecca J. Shisler
  • Randall W. Engle
Article

Abstract

Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia The effect of a verbal (Experiment 1) and a nonverbal (Experiment 2) memory load on negative priming was investigated by employing a concurrent memory task with a letter naming task. Across both experiments, negative priming was reliable only under conditions of zero memory load, suggesting that the processes that contribute to negative priming are resource demanding and dependent on a domainfree resource pool. Individual differences in negative priming were observed, such that high working memory capacity subjects showed reliable negative priming whereas low working memory capacity subjects did not. The results suggest that the negative priming effect results from allocation of controlled attention and that individual differences in working memory capacity correspond to the ability to efficiently handle irrelevant information.

Keywords

Trial Type Journal ofExperimental Psychology Work Memory Capacity Memory Load Negative Priming 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew R. A. Conway
    • 4
    Email author
  • Stephen W. Tuholski
    • 1
  • Rebecca J. Shisler
    • 2
  • Randall W. Engle
    • 3
  1. 1.Southern Illinois UniversityEdwardsville
  2. 2.University of South CarolinaColumbia
  3. 3.Georgia Institute of TechnologyAtlanta
  4. 4.Department of Psychology (M/C 285)University of IllinoisChicago

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