The effect of memory load on negative priming: An individual differences investigation
- 454 Downloads
Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia The effect of a verbal (Experiment 1) and a nonverbal (Experiment 2) memory load on negative priming was investigated by employing a concurrent memory task with a letter naming task. Across both experiments, negative priming was reliable only under conditions of zero memory load, suggesting that the processes that contribute to negative priming are resource demanding and dependent on a domainfree resource pool. Individual differences in negative priming were observed, such that high working memory capacity subjects showed reliable negative priming whereas low working memory capacity subjects did not. The results suggest that the negative priming effect results from allocation of controlled attention and that individual differences in working memory capacity correspond to the ability to efficiently handle irrelevant information.
KeywordsTrial Type Journal ofExperimental Psychology Work Memory Capacity Memory Load Negative Priming
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Beech, A., Powell, T., McWilliam, J., &Claridge, G. (1989). Evidence of reduced “cognitive inhibition” in schizophrenia.British Journal of Psychology,28, 110–116.Google Scholar
- Hasher, L., &Zacks, R. T. (1988). Working memory, comprehension, and aging: A review and a new view. In G. H. Bower (Ed.),The psychology of learning and motivation (Vol. 22, pp. 193–225). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Houghton, G., &Tipper, S. P. (1994). A model of inhibitory mechanisms in selective attention. In D. Dagenbach & T. H. Carr (Eds.),Inhibitory processes in attention, memory, and language (pp. 53–112). San Diego: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Kane, M. J., & Engle, R. W. (1997).Working memory, divided attention and interference. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago.Google Scholar
- Tipper, S. P. (1985). The negative priming effect: Inhibitory priming by ignored objects.Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology,37A, 571–590.Google Scholar
- Tuholski, S. W. (1994).Individual differences in the fan effect: The effect of interference. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of South Carolina, Columbia.Google Scholar