Observations on the design and specification of a wrist-worn human activity monitoring system

  • Daniel P. Redmond
  • Frederick W. Hegge
Special Section Methodological Approaches To The Study Of Sustained Work/Sustained Operations

Abstract

Monitoring motor activity provides an important index of sleep, rest, and activity in field studies of sustained operations, shift-work schedules, and sleep deprivation. Poor results with previous methods led to development of a program to design a technologically improved monitoring system. In this 3-year program, specific issues were examined, ranging from the empirical characteristics of the wrist-movement signal and transduction methods to conversion of that signal to a useful index of motility. In this report, we discuss the several design issues encountered as well as observations, conclusions, and resulting specifications. The product of this program is a microprocessor-controlled, self-contained activity recording system, with 16K of digital storage and an operating life of over 30 days. The Walter Reed Activity Monitoring System is designed to examine further the behavioral and physiological correlates of activity.

References

  1. Bell, R. Q. (1968). Adaptation of small wrist watches for mechanical recording of activity in infants and children.Journal of Experimental Child Psychology,6, 302–305.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Borbeley, A. A., Loepfe, M., Mattman, P., &Tobler, I. (1983). Midazolam and triazolam: Hypnotic action and residual effects after a single betime dose.Arzneimittel Forschung-Drug Research,33, 1500–1502.Google Scholar
  3. Colburn, T. R., Smith, B. M., Guarini, J. J., &Simmons, N. N. (1976). An ambulatory activity monitor with solid state memory.ISA Transactions,15, 149–154.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Cromwell, R. L., Baumeister, A., &Hawkins, W. F. (1963). Research in activity level. In N. R. Ellis (Ed.),Handbook of mental deficiency (pp. 632–662). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  5. Crowley, T. J., &Hydinger-MacDonald, M. (1979). Bedtime flurazepam and the human circadian rhythm of spontaneous motility.Psychopharmacology,62, 157–161.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Foster, F. G., Kupfer, D., Weiss, G., Lipponen, V., McPartland, R., &Delgado, J. (1972). Mobility recording and cycle research in neuropsychiatry.Journal of Interdisciplinary Cycle Research,3, 61–72.Google Scholar
  7. Foster, F. G., McPartland, R. J., &Kupfer, D. J. (1977). Telemetric motor activity in children.Biotelemetry,4, 1–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Foster, F. G., McPartland, R. J., &Kupfer, D. J. (1978). Motion sensory in medicine, part I. A report on reliability and validity.Journal of Inter-American Medicine,3, 4–8.Google Scholar
  9. Goode, D. J., Meltzer, H. Y., Moretti, R., Kupfer, D. J., &McPartland, R. J. (1979). The relationship between wrist-mounted motor activity and serum CPK activity in psychiatric in-patients.British Journal of Psychiatry,135, 62–66.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Guening, F., &Eugene, C. (1985, March).A long-term microprocessor-based wrist-worn actimeter. Paper presented at the International Symposium on Ambulatory Monitoring, Padova, Italy.Google Scholar
  11. Kripke, D. F., Mullaney, D. J., Messin, S., &Wyborney, V. G. (1978). Wrist actigraphic measures of sleep and rhythms.Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology,44, 674–676.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kupfer, D. J., Weiss, B. L., Foster, F. G., Detre, T. P., Delgado, J., &McPartland, R. (1974). Psychomotor activity in affective states.Archives of General Psychiatry,30, 765–768.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. LaPorte, R. E., Cauley, J. A., Kinsey, C. M., Corbett, W., Robertson, R., Black-Sandler, R., Kuller, I. H., &Falkel, J. (1982). The epidemiology of physical activity in children, college students, middle-aged men, menopausal females, and monkeys.Journal of Chronic Diseases,35, 787–795.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. LaPorte, R. E., Kuller, L. H., Kupfer, D. J., McPartland, R. J., Matthews, G., &Caspersen, C. (1979). An objective measure of physical activity for epidemiologic research.American Journal of Epidemiology,109, 158–168.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. McPartland, R. J., Kupfer, D. J., &Foster, F. G. (1976). The movement-activated recording monitor: A third-generation motor-activity monitoring system.Behavior Research Methods & Instrumentation,8, 357–360.Google Scholar
  16. Mullaney, D. J., Kripke, D. F., &Messin, S. (1980). Wrist-actigraphic estimation of sleep time.Sleep,3, 83–92.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Porrino, L. J., Rapoport, J. L., Behar, D., Sceery, W., Ismond, D. R., &Bunney, W. E. (1983). A naturalistic assessment of the motor activity of hyperactive boys.Archives of General Psychiatry,40, 681–687.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Taylor, C. B., Kraemer, H. C., Bragg, D. A., Miles, L. E., Rule, B., Savin, W. M., &Debusk, R. F. (1982). A new system for long-term recording and processing of heart rate and physical activity in outpatients.Computers & Biomedical Research,15, 7–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Webster, J. B., Messin, S., Mullaney, D. J., &Kripke, D. F. (1982). Transducer design and placement for activity recording.Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing,20, 741–744.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wehr, T. A., Sack, D., Rosenthal, N., Duncan, W., &Gillin, J. C. (1983). Circadian rhythm disturbances in manic-depressive illness.Federation Proceedings,42, 2809–2814.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Wever, R. A. (1981). On varying work-sleep schedules: The biological rhthym perspective. In L. C. Johnson, D. I. Tepas, W. P. Colquhoun, & M. J. Colligan (Eds.),The twenty-four hour workday: Proceedings of a symposium on variations in work-sleep schedules (pp. 51–86). Cincinnati: National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health Publication No. 81-127.Google Scholar
  22. Wong, T. C., Webster, J. G., Montoye, H. J., &Washburn, R. (1981). Portable accelerometer device for measuring human energy expenditure.IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering,BME-28, 467–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel P. Redmond
    • 1
  • Frederick W. Hegge
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Behavioral BiologyWalter Reed Army Institute of ResearchWashington, DC

Personalised recommendations