Perception & Psychophysics

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 575–596

Iconic memory and its relation to perceptual processing and other memory mechanisms

  • A. O. Dick

DOI: 10.3758/BF03198590

Cite this article as:
Dick, A.O. Perception & Psychophysics (1974) 16: 575. doi:10.3758/BF03198590


Research on iconic memory is reviewed. Specific issues discussed include the duration of the icon, effects of stimulus variables, types of information lost, selection, processing capacity, and scanning. More general issues include the level of encoding in the icon and its relation to short-term memory. It is also argued that a number of experiments do not show what they were intended to show because of possible methodological problems. The view is developed that iconic memory is postretinal but uncoded; nor is it influenced directly by strategies or subsequent mechanisms.

Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. O. Dick
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology and Center for Visual ScienceUniversity of RochesterRochester

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