Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 289–295 | Cite as

Exploring the suffix effect in serial visuospatial short-term memory

  • Fabrice B. R. Parmentier
  • Sébastien Tremblay
  • Dylan M. Jones
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Abstract

The suffix effect—the loss of recency induced by a redundant end-of-list item—was studied in a visuospatial serial recall task involving the memory for the position of dots on a screen. A visuospatial suffix markedly impaired recall of the last to-be-remembered dot. The impact on recall was roughly of equal magnitude whether the suffix shared attributes with the to-be-remembered dots (Experiment 1) or was visually distinct (Experiments 2 and 3). Although the presence of a tone suffix also impaired serial memory for the last items in the sequence, the impact of a visuospatial suffix was more marked, implying a specific as well as a possible general effect of suffix in the visuospatial domain (Experiment 4). The suffix effect seems not to be a phenomenon confined to verbal material but rather a universal phenomenon possibly related to grouping.

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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabrice B. R. Parmentier
    • 1
  • Sébastien Tremblay
    • 2
  • Dylan M. Jones
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of PlymouthPlymouthEngland
  2. 2.Université LavalQuébec CityCanada
  3. 3.Cardiff UniversityCardiffWales

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