A database for semantic, grammatical, and frequency properties of the first words acquired by Italian children

  • Pasquale Rinaldi
  • Laura Barca
  • Cristina BuraniEmail author


The CFVlexvar.xls database includes imageability, frequency, and grammatical properties of the first words acquired by Italian children. For each of 519 words that are known by children 18–30 months of age (taken from Caselli & Casadio’s, 1995, Italian version of the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory), new values of imageability are provided and values for age of acquisition, child written frequency, and adult written and spoken frequency are included. In this article, correlations among the variables are discussed and the words are grouped into grammatical categories. The results show that words acquired early have imageable referents, are frequently used in the texts read and written by elementary school children, and are frequent in adult written and spoken language. Nouns are acquired earlier and are more imageable than both verbs and adjectives. The composition in grammatical categories of the child’s first vocabulary reflects the composition of adult vocabulary. The full set of these norms can be downloaded


Picture Naming Italian Version Primary School Child Elementary School Child Grammatical Category 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material (36 kb)
Supplementary material, approximately 340 KB.


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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pasquale Rinaldi
    • 1
  • Laura Barca
    • 1
    • 2
  • Cristina Burani
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie della CognizioneCNRRomaItaly
  2. 2.University of Rome “La Sapienza,”RomeItaly

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