Advertisement

Open courseware and shared knowledge in higher education

  • Thomas E. Malloy
  • Gary C. Jensen
  • Alison Regan
  • Mary Reddick
Article

Abstract

Most college and university campuses in the United States and much of the developed world today maintain one, two, or several learning management systems (LMSs), which are courseware products that provide students and faculty with Web-based tools to manage course-related applications. Since the mid-1990s, two predominant models of Web courseware management systems have emerged: commercial and noncommercial. Some of the commercial products available today were created in academia as noncommercial but have since become commercially encumbered. Other products remain noncommercial but are struggling to survive in a world of fierce commercial competition. This article argues for an ethics of pedagogy in higher education that would be based on the guiding assumptions of the non-proprietary, peer-to-peer, open-source software movement.

Keywords

Open Source Shared Knowledge Learn Management System Knowledge Community Daily News 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Arnone, M. (2001a, October 24). 3 Companies that sell course software say they are raking in money.Chronicle of Higher Education [On line, Daily News]. Retrieved from http://www.chronicle.com.Google Scholar
  2. Arnone, M. (2001b, November 23). Too close for comfort? Some experts fear that ties between Microsoft and Blackboard could diminish colleges’ choices.Chronicle of Higher Education [On line, daily news]. Retrieved from http://www.chronicle.com.Google Scholar
  3. Blumenstyk, G. (2001a, February 9). Knowledge is a form of “venture capital” for top Columbia administrator.Chronicle of Higher Education, p. A29.Google Scholar
  4. Blumenstyk, G. (2001b, February 20). Professor says colleges should eschew commercial software.Chronicle of Higher Education [On line, daily news]. Retrieved from http://www.chronicle.comGoogle Scholar
  5. Blumenstyk, G., & McMurtrie, B. (2000, October 27). Educators lament a corporate takeover of international accreditor.Chronicle of Higher Education, p. A55.Google Scholar
  6. Carlson, S. (2001, October 3). Hampshire College favors noncommercial Web software open to all. (2001, October 26).Chronicle of Higher Education, p. A35.Google Scholar
  7. DiBona, C., Ockman, S., &Stone, M. (1999). Introduction. In C. Di-Bona, S. Ockman, & M. Stone (Eds.),Open sources: Voices from the opensource revolution (pp. 1–17). London: O’Reilly.Google Scholar
  8. Klobas, J. &Renzi, S. (2000). Selecting software and services for Web-based teaching and learning. In A. Aggarwal (Ed.),Web-based teaching and learning: Opportunities and challenges (pp. 43–59). London: Idea Group Publishing.Google Scholar
  9. Kriger, T. J. (2001). A Virtual revolution: Trends in the expansion of distance education.USDLA Journal,15 [On-line refereed journal]. Retrieved from http://www.usdla.org.Google Scholar
  10. Landon, B. (2002). Online educational delivery applications: A Web tool for comparative analysis [On line]. Retrieved from http://www. c2t2.ca/landonline.Google Scholar
  11. Malloy, T. E., &Hanley, G. L. (2001). MERLOT: A faculty-focused Web site of educational resources.Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers,33, 274–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Malloy, T. E., &Jensen, G. C. (2001). Utah Virtual Lab: JAVA interactivity for teaching science and statistics on line.Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers,33, 282–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mann, B. L. (Ed.) (2000).Perspectives in Web course management. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.Google Scholar
  14. McCollum, K. (1998, November 27). Western Governors U. forms consortium with Britain’s Open University.Chronicle of Higher Education, p. A23.Google Scholar
  15. Newman, F., & Couturier, L. (2001, June). The new competitive arena: Market forces invade the academy.The Futures Project, Policy Alternatives [On line]. Retrieved from http://www.futuresproject. org/publications/publications.html.Google Scholar
  16. Olsen, F. (2001a, January 17). Education must “transform” itself or become irrelevant, Educause Offical says.Chronicle of Higher Education [On line, daily news]. Retrieved from http://www.chronicle.com.Google Scholar
  17. Olsen, F. (2001b, August 10). Sylvan creates division for online education.Chronicle of Higher Education, p. A49.Google Scholar
  18. Perens, B. (1999). The open source definition. In C. DiBona, S. Ockman, & M. Stone (Eds.),Open sources: Voices from the open source revolution (pp. 171–188). London: O’Reilly.Google Scholar
  19. Raymond, E. (1999).The cathedral and the bazaar: Musings on Linux and Open Source by an accidental revolutionary. Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly.Google Scholar
  20. Torvalds, L., &Diamond, D. (2001).Just for fun: The story of an accidental revolutionary. New York: HarperCollins.Google Scholar
  21. Young, B. (1999). Foreword. InThe Cathedral and the bazaar: Musings on Linux and Open Source by an accidental revolutionary (p. x). Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly.Google Scholar
  22. Young, J. R. (2000, June 30). Veteran of California Virtual U. blames a flawed business plan for its demise.Chronicle of Higher Education, p. A44.Google Scholar
  23. Young, J. R. (2001a, November 2). Frustrated Blackboard customers form independent users’ group.Chronicle of Higher Education [On line, daily news]. Available: http://www.chronicle.com.Google Scholar
  24. Young, J. R. (2001b, February 16). Sylvan buys major stake in Waiden University.Chronicle of Higher Education, p. A45.Google Scholar
  25. Young, J. R. (2001c, May 4). Universities begin creating a free, “open source” course-management system.Chronicle of Higher Education, p. A36.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas E. Malloy
    • 1
  • Gary C. Jensen
    • 1
  • Alison Regan
    • 1
  • Mary Reddick
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of UtahSalt Lake City
  2. 2.California State UniversitySacramento

Personalised recommendations