Age of acquisition and imageability ratings for a large set of words, including verbs and function words


DOI: 10.3758/BF03195349

Cite this article as:
Bird, H., Franklin, S. & Howard, D. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers (2001) 33: 73. doi:10.3758/BF03195349


Age of acquisition and imageability ratings were collected for 2,645 words, including 892 verbs and 213 function words. Words that were ambiguous as to grammatical category were disambiguated: Verbs were shown in their infinitival form, and nouns (where appropriate) were preceded by the indefinite article (such asto crack anda crack). Subjects were speakers of British English selected from a wide age range, so that differences in the responses across age groups could be compared. Within the subset of early acquired noun/verb homonyms, the verb forms were rated as later acquired than the nouns, and the verb homonyms of high-image ability nouns were rated as significantly less imageable than their noun counterparts. A small number of words received significantly earlier or later age of acquisition ratings when the 20–40 years and 50–80 years age groups were compared. These tend to comprise words that have come to be used more frequently in recent years (either through technological advances or social change), or those that have fallen out of common usage. Regression analyses showed that although word length, familiarity, and concreteness make independent contributions to the age of acquisition measure, frequency and imageability are the most important predictors of rated age of acquisition.

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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Newcastle upon TyneNewcastle upon TyneEngland
  2. 2.MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences UnitCambridgeEngland

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