Are false memories more difficult to forget than accurate memories? The effect of retention interval on recall and recognition
- 2.5k Downloads
What is the effect of retention interval on accurate and false recollection in the Deese, Roediger, and McDermott (DRM) procedure? Previous research has suggested that false recall is more persistent than accurate recall, but the recognition results have been inconsistent. In two parametric studies, we tested recall and recognition for the same DRM lists, over retention intervals that ranged from no delay to a 2-month delay. We found that accurate and false memory were diminished by increases in retention interval, false memory persistence was present for recall and recognition, greater persistence for false memory than for accurate memory was more readily observed for recall than recognition, and the highthreshold (Pr), signal detection (d’), and nonparametric (A’) recognition measures differed in their sensitivity for detecting change. The effect of retention interval on accurate and false memory is consistent with expectations from fuzzy trace theory. In the DRM procedure, truth is not more memorable than fiction.
KeywordsFree Recall Retention Interval List Word False Memory False Recognition
- Brainerd, C. J., Reyna, V. F., &Poole, D. A. (2000). Fuzzy-trace theory and false memory: Memory theory in the courtroom. In D. F. Bjorklund (Ed.),False-memory creation in children and adults: Theory, research, and implications (pp. 93–127). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Neath, I. (1998).Human memory. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
- Roediger, H. L., III,McDermott, K. B., &Robinson, K. J. (1998). The role of associative processes in creating false memories. In M. A. Conway, S. E. Gathercole, and C. Cornoldi (Eds.),Theories of memory (Vol. 2, pp. 187–245). Hove, U.K.: Psychology Press.Google Scholar