Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

, Volume 14, Issue 5, pp 989–993 | Cite as

Memory for moving and static images

  • W. J. Matthews
  • Clare Benjamin
  • Claire Osborne
Brief Reports


Despite the substantial interest in memory for complex pictorial stimuli, there has been virtually no research comparing memory for static scenes with that for their moving counterparts. We report that both monochrome and color moving images are better remembered than static versions of the same stimuli at retention intervals up to one month. When participants studied a sequence of still images, recognition performance was the same as that for single static images. These results are discussed within a theoretical framework which draws upon previous studies of scene memory, face recognition, and representational momentum.


Recognition Memory Retention Interval Static Image Motion Schema Object File 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Brockmole, J. R., &Henderson, J. M. (2005). Prioritization of new objects in real-world scenes: Evidence from eye movements.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance,31, 857–868.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. DeLucia, P. R., &Maldia, M. M. (2006). Visual memory for moving scenes.Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology,59, 340–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Freyd, J. J., &Finke, R. A. (1984). Representational momentum.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition,10, 126–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Freyd, J. J., &Johnson, J. Q. (1987). Probing the time course of representational momentum.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition,13, 259–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gibson, J. J. (1979).The ecological approach to visual perception. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  6. Goldstein, A. G., Chance, J. E., Hoisington, M., &Buescher, K. (1982). Recognition memory for pictures: Dynamic vs. static stimuli.Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society,20, 37–40.Google Scholar
  7. Henderson, J. M. (Ed.) (2005).Real-world scene perception. Hove, U.K.: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
  8. Henderson, J. M., Weeks, P. A., &Hollingworth, A. (1999). The effects of semantic consistency on eye movements during complex scene viewing.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance,25, 210–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hollingworth, A., &Henderson, J. M. (2002). Accurate visual memory for previously attended objects in natural scenes.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance,28, 113–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kolers, P. A. (1972).Aspects of motion perception. New York: Pergamon.Google Scholar
  11. Lander, K., &Bruce, V. (2003). The role of motion in learning new faces.Visual Cognition,10, 897–912.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lander, K., Christie, F., &Bruce, V. (1999). The role of movement in the recognition of famous faces.Memory & Cognition,27, 974–985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Munger, M. P., Owens, R. T., &Conway, J. E. (2005). Are boundary extension and representational momentum related?Visual Cognition,12, 1041–1056.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. O’Toole, A. J., Roark, D. A., &Abdi, H. (2002). Recognizing moving faces: A psychological and neural synthesis.Trends in Cognitive Sciences,6, 261–266.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Pike, G. E., Kemp, R. I., Towell, N. A., &Phillips, K. C. (1997). Recognizing moving faces: The relative contribution of motion and perspective view information.Visual Cognition,4, 409–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Shepard, R. N. (1967). Recognition memory for words, sentences, and pictures.Journal of Verbal Learning & Verbal Behavior,6, 156–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Standing, L. (1973). Learning 10,000 pictures.Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology,25, 207–222.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Suzuki, K., &Takahashi, R. (1997). Effectiveness of color in picture recognition memory.Japanese Psychological Research,39, 25–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Thornton, I. M., &Hubbard, T. L. (2002). Representational momentum: New findings, new directions.Visual Cognition,9, 1–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. J. Matthews
    • 1
  • Clare Benjamin
    • 1
  • Claire Osborne
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of WarwickCoventryEngland
  2. 2.University of LeicesterLeicesterEngland

Personalised recommendations