Perception & Psychophysics

, Volume 69, Issue 7, pp 1242–1252 | Cite as

Preparation for horizontal or vertical dimensions affects the right-left prevalence effect



When stimulus and response simultaneously vary in both horizontal and vertical dimensions, the stimulus-response compatibility effect is often larger for the horizontal dimension. We investigated the role of preparation for each dimension in this right-left prevalence. In Experiment 1, tasks based on horizontal and vertical dimensions were mixed in random order, and the relevant dimension in each trial was cued with a variable cue-target stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA). A right-left prevalence effect was observed only when participants prepared for the upcoming task. Experiment 2 replicated the absence of the prevalence effect for the simultaneous presentation of cue and target using a fixed SOA of 0 msec. In Experiment 3, the right-left prevalence emerged with a 0-msec SOA when participants prepared for each dimension based on its frequency. These results suggest that participants’ internal set can be greater for the horizontal dimension, leading to the right-left prevalence effect.


Stimulus Onset Asynchrony Switch Cost Congruency Effect Simon Effect Compatibility Effect 
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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Graduate School of Humanities and SociologyUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan

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