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Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 1177–1182 | Cite as

The locus of the frequency effect in picture naming: When recognizing is not enough

  • Jorge AlmeidaEmail author
  • Mark Knobel
  • Matthew Finkbeiner
  • Alfonso Caramazza
Brief Reports

Abstract

The lexical frequency effect in picture naming is generally assumed to constitute a signature of lexical access. Lexical frequency, however, is correlated with other variables, like concept familiarity, that can produce effects similar to those of lexical frequency in picture naming tasks. In this study, a delayed picture naming task was employed to address the hypothesis that the frequency effect in picture naming is due to variables that affect processing in the perceptual and semantic identification stages (i.e., input stages). Despite the fact that all the input processing stages were completed prior to the presentation of the naming cue, a strong frequency effect was still obtained in this task. These results establish that the lexical frequency effect is independent of variables affecting the input stages of picture naming, and, hence, confirm the lexical frequency effect as a signature effect of lexical access.

Keywords

Frequency Effect Lexical Access Picture Naming Lexical Frequency Picture Recognition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

Almeida-PBR-2007.zip (13 kb)
Supplementary material, approximately 340 KB.

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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorge Almeida
    • 3
    Email author
  • Mark Knobel
    • 3
  • Matthew Finkbeiner
    • 1
  • Alfonso Caramazza
    • 3
    • 2
  1. 1.Macquarie Centre for Cognitive ScienceSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.University of TrentoRoveretoItaly
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyHarvard UniversityCambridge

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